Гусак Англійська граматика (2001)



We use the article a before a consonant sound and we use the arti-cle an before a vowel sound; We use a, an only with sigular countable nouns when a) we speak about the noun for the first time, b) when we characterise the object, c) with the numerals a thousand, a hundred, a million, a dozen, d) after words what, such, rather, quite, e) with the words a lot of, a few, a bit, a little.

Fill in the indefinite articles where necessary.

1. He is … very clever boy.

2. Her father is … chemist.

3. They are … scientists.

4. You will return in … minute.

5. I won … ten million hryvnas.

6. Some … boys were there.

7. Not … word was pronounced after it.

8. Ann read … adventure novel.

9. I shall come in … hour.

10. He is … smart student.

11. Bring me some … water.

12. My … lunch was lost.

13. She is … very talented.

14. What … mess! How can you sit here?

15. His daughter is … very smart girl.


Divide the sentences into two groups:

a) with definite articles to be used; b) indefinite articles to be used;

1. Have you seen … film I told you about?

2. Bell invented … telephone.

3. She brought … dozen of eggs.

4. Give me … apple which is … nearest to you.

5. There is … girl here. She is … girl I have known for a year.

6. He wanted to buy … detective story.

7. They bought … new telephone.

8. … elephant is … very big animal.

9. He liked to read … adventure story.

10. He failed his exam. This was … worst for him.

11. … lion is a big animal.

12. I saw … tragedy last month.

13. It is … hard walk.

14. This is … man I told you about.

15. … money he got for the book made him rich.

16. What … fine weather!

17. They say … love is blind.

18. This is … large area.

19. … weather is foggy today.

20. It is such … tasty cake.


The definite article is used:

a) With the names in plural to indicate the whole family; b) when we mean typical features associated with well-known names; c) with the names, modified by a limiting attribute an indefinite article an is used.

Fill in definite or indefinite articles where necessary.

1. Her name is … Nora Benson.

2. He is not … Bob I married twenty years ago.

3. … Browns are a very nice family.

4. I am reading … Agatha Cristie now.

5. She felt like … Alice in Wonderland.

6. Is he … Sheldon who is a writer?

7. Mozart was called … Raphael of music.

8. It was a letter from … Susan, inviting me to visit them.

9. She is quite different from the rest of … Nortons.

10. If your ticket is lucky you’ll win … Zaporozhets.

11. There were a lot of books there and he saw … Steel.

12. … Smiths are a very cultured family.

13. He brought … very nice Picasso.

14. I saw that he was really … Brown.

15. She wasn’t … Mary he had known for these ten years.


You should use the definite articles with unions, provinces, some ci-

ties, oceans, seas, straits, channels, rivers, lakes, deserts, mountain chains and groups of islands, falls and mountain passes. Proper nouns are used without articles, But: the Hague — Гаага; the Argentina but Argentina.

Use the definite or the indefinite articles where necessary and di-vide the sentences into two groups.

1. … Brazil is situated in … Latin America.

2. … Netherlands is a very rich country.

3. … USSR was the largest country in the world in territory.

4. … Rome is the capital of Italy.

5. … Crimea is the southern part of … Ukraine.

6. … Hague is always chosen for international conferences.

7. … Asia is the largest continent in the world.

8. We crossed … Pacific and … Atlantic oceans.

9. … Ruhr is an industrial region of … Germany.

10. … Black Sea and … Mediterranean Sea are very warm.

11. … Elbrus is one of the highest mountains in the world.

12. … Cuba is a very beautiful green island.

13. … Sahara is the hottest desert.

14. I always spend holidays in … Haiti.

15. … Niagara Falls attracts a lot of tourists.

16. … Bermudas is a very mysterious place.

17. … Lake Baikal is one of the most beautiful places on our planet.

18. … California is my favourite place to visit.

19. … Balkan Peninsula is a place of different problems nowadays.

20. … Mississippi is described by Mark Twain.


You should use the indefinite article with the names of museums, theatres, picture galleries, concert halls, cinemas, clubs and the hotels. Also with the names of ships, names of languages, institutions and po-litical parties; you should use the names of the languages without the article, unless the noun language is used: the English language, the Italian language;

Fill in the definite article where necessary.

1. … Hyde Park is supposed to be the most democratic park in the world.

2. … Bolshoi Theatre was always famous for its singers.

3. … Picadilly Circus is the meeting point of six streets.

4. … Cambridge and … Oxford Universities are the oldest in the world.

5. … British museum is one of the most famous among the others.

6. … Victoria station is one of the oldest in England.

7. It is very prestigious for every pop singer to sing in … Carnegie Hall.

8. … ‘Savoy’ is supposed to be the most luxurious in our city.

9. The film was made about … ‘Titanic’.

10. English Royal family lives in … Buckingham Palace.

11. He is a member of … Liberal Party.

12. They met on … Sunday last week.

13. We always read … ‘Times’ and … ‘Guardian’.

14. He was born in … January in 1964.

15. They try to learn … Japanese. … Japanese language is rather difficult to learn.


Fill in the articles when necessary.

1. We usually have … lunch at 1 p.m.

2. He invited her to … dinner.

3. She is going to give … dinner to entire family.

4. … lunch was excellent, especially the dessert.

5. When they came we were eating … breakfast.

6. Let’s invite them to … tea.

7. She ordered … two coffees and … three teas.

8. I was going to come to … luncheon Helen invited me to.

9. «Stay to … tea» she said.

10. They have no … supper.


Names of diseases are usually found without any articles. The definite aticle is used in the case of back reference or if there is a lim-iting attribute.

Fill in the articles where necessary:

1. She always has … headache.

2. They recovered after … flu.

3. He suffered from … diabetes.

4. We had some cases of … cholera in that region.

5. She has … sore throat..

6. After … pneumonia Jane was very weak.

7. I had … boil on my leg.

8. Tom has … bruise on his face.

9. Ann always has an attack of … lumbago in winter.

10. When you have … toothache just go to your dentist.


We use no article with the names of the months, days and holidays. But: the September of 1975, the Saturday when it happened, the first Easter we spent together.

Fill in the articles where necessary.

1. You can see a lot of blossom in … spring.

2. We had … short summer.

3. It was … late autumn and the leaves were yellow and red.

4. It was … winter and the snow was everywhere.

5. They took her to America in … spring of 1942.

6. … summer was very fine that year and we bathed a lot.

7. I think it was … remarkably fine winter.

8. … spring was over and I missed the cherry blossom very much.

9. In … autumn our sons go to infant school.

10. We always have long holidays in … summer.


Translate the following sentences into English.

1. Сью дуже талановита дівчинка.

2. Його батько — фізик, а мати — лікар.

3. Ми повернемось за годину і вирішимо цю проблему.

4. Том читає детективний роман.

5. Який гарний день!

6. Ти прочитав книжку, про яку я тобі казав?

7. Дай мені яблуко.

8. Це та дівчина, яку ми зустріли вчора?

9. Кит — великий ссавець (mammal).

10. Шакал належить до родини собачих.

11. Це такий смачний пиріг.

12. Погода сьогодні гарна.

13. Кажуть, звичка виробляє характер.

14. Це велика кімната, і вона дуже світла.

15. Це була не та Ольга, яку я знав десять років тому.

16. Сміти — гарна та дружня сім’я.

17. Я зараз читаю Конан Дойля.

18. Дейвід зовсім відрізняється від решти Браунів.

19. Він почувався, як Том Соєр.

20. Там було багато книжок, і вона побачила Шелдона.

21. Канада розташована у Північній Америці.

22. Париж — столиця Франції.

23. Пол їде в Камерун наступного літа.

24. Вони провели канікули в Тіролі (Tyrol).

25. Судно було в Індійському океані, коли команда повстала.

26. Ніл — одна з найбільших річок світу.

27. Він ловив гадюк у пустелі Кара-Кум.

28. Океанія — найменший континент.

29. Ми їздили на Кіпр минулого літа.

30. Сент Джеймс Парк знаходиться якраз навпроти Букінгем¬ського палацу.

31. Ми бачили дві вистави в театрі Колізей.

32. Третяковська галерея має чудові зібрання портретів.

33. Тато завжди читає «Таймс» у вихідні дні.

34. Коли в Сари болить горло, вона завжди випиває стрепсилз (strepsills).

35. Альфред захворів грипом і не зробив цю роботу.

36. Її було запрошено на обід, і вона залишилась.

37. Хочу сказати, що то була особлива вечеря.

38. Я купила готовий ланч і не виходила з офісу.

39. Була рання весна, але вже цвіли каштани.

40. Це була спекотна тропічна ніч, і пахло квітами.


Fill in the articles where necessary.

1. Do you speak … German?

2. What is … English for «caдoк»?

3. Do you know … French language?

4. Can you translate from … Spanish language?

5. … German of Western Germany differs from … German of Eastern Germany.

6. He found … new Russia after perestroika.

7. He is fond of … Italian language very much.

8. Jane is a student of … Harvard University.

9. Last year he entered … Trinity College.

10. We stayed at … Savoy and think it to be very nice.

11. She is a member of … Rotary Club.

12. Puhachova sang at … Carnegie Hall some years ago.

13. … Hermitage is one of the nicest museums in the world.

14. … Verhovna Rada of Ukraine is in this building.

15. … Royal Exchange in London is rather old.


Fill in the articles where necessary.

1. … thunder and … lighting are caused by … electricity.

2. I went for a walk after … breakfast.

3. There is … old oak tree in … front of … house.

4. Do you go to … school? Do you go to … school on … hill ?

5. Is there … train to … town where … Greens live?

6. They usually sell eggs by … dozen.

7. Dick’s family couldn’t afford to give him … education.

8. There is … very pleasant … country round our town.

9. … last time I saw you was ten years ago.

10. Have you ever seen such … terrible weather?

11. … people on the photo are my closest friends.

12. She hasn’t forgotten … promise you gave her last week.

13. … water is very clean and pure here.

14. … weather is very cold today.

15. She is … only child in the family.

16. … water consists of … oxygen and … hydrogen.

17. He doesn’t like to take … advice , even … advice of … clever people.

18. This is … front door to … house.

19. What … pity you haven’t read this book! It was … most interesting.

20. He told he had bought … dozen eggs.

21. He was chosen … member of the committee.

22. These flowers are very pretty in … spring.

23. … dinner you invited me to was wonderful.

24. … ice is heavier than … water.


Fill in the blanks with definite or indefinite articles.

1. He was … first who helped us then.

2. Our seats are in … second row.

3. … first — he lost the key, … second — he didn’t tell us about it.

4. If we missed the 2 oclock train we should wait for … second one.

5. She was … third in the long line.

6. The children ran to … second floor.

7. Robin ran to … second floor.

8. When we came yesterday he was out so we had to go for … second time.

9. … second page in the book is missing.

10. Soon I sent him … second letter.

11. … second lesson begins at the same time

12. … second book was more interesting than the previous one.

13. We shall give you … second cake after you finish this one.

14. … first book he read was ‘Winnie the Pooh’.

15. It was … second try and at last he succeeded.


Fill in the gaps with the articles where necessary:


… farmer came to town to do some shopping. He had bought what he wanted and-was going to leave … shop, but … shop-keeper would not let him go. He said: «Look here, farmer Jones, I have … some very good bicycles to sell. They are … very cheap. I can sell you … very good bicycle for thirty-five dollars. I’m sure it will be … very useful. You can ride around your farm on it every day.»

«Оh, no,» said … farmer. «I don’t want … bicycle. With this money I can buy … cow. And … cow is certainly more useful on my farm than … bicycle.»

«But you can’t go to town on … cow,» said … shopkeeper «That’s funny!»

«Well, I don’t know what is funnier,» said … farmer, «to ride … cow or to milk … bicycle.»


Put the articles where necessary:


Some farmers were sitting in … village house … one evening, and among other things they began to talk about … echoes. One of … farmers said that there was … wonderful echo in one of his fields where there was … large group of trees. … others said that they would like to hear it, and … farmer invited them to come to … field next afternoon. When … farmer reached home, he sent for one of his men and told him to hide himself among … trees and to imitate everything that was said.

… next day … farmer’s friends arrived late in … afternoon, and … farmer told them to listen to … wonderful echo. Then he shouted at … top of his voice: «Are you there?» … answer came back: «Yes, I have been here for more than … two hours.»


Fill in the gaps with the articles where necessary:

… Britain’s climate is … mild and … damp. It often rains, and fogs are quite frequent, especially in … west and south-west. … Gulf Stream, … warm ocean current coming from … Gulf of Mexico, crosses … Atlantic Ocean and warms … seas around … British coast, moderating … climate, giving it cool summers and rnild winters. … temperature in … winter seldom falls below zero, and … fields and meadows are green all year round.

There are no big rivers in … Great Britain. … largest river is … Thames. … London, … capital of … Great Britain, is on … Thames.

London is one of … largest cities of … world. It has … population over 10 million. It is … great industrial and cultural centre.

There are several other industrial cities in … Great Britain, such as Birmingham, Glasgow, Manchester … biggest seaports outside Lon-don are Liverpool, Plymouth, Southampton and Glasgow.

As … Great Britain is surrounded by seas on all sides, it is … great sea power. … Britons are proud of their great seamen, such as Sir Francis Drake, who fought with success against … powerful Spanish fleet in … 16th century. Sir Walter Raleigh, … outstanding traveller and explorer. Captain James Cook, one of … greatest explorers of … 18th century, Captain Scott, … explorer of … Antarctic, and Admiral Lord Nelson, Britain’s national hero who destroyed … French fleet at … battle of Trafalgar in 1805. … high column built in his memory stands in … Trafalgar Square in … centre of London.


Correct the mistakes if there are any:


One day Frenchman who was travelling in the Sweden came to res-taurant. Frenchman did not know the Swedish and nobody could speak the French at a restaurant. He wanted to have a mushrooms for his the breakfast; so he called waiter and asked him to bring him some mush-rooms. But a waiter could not understand what a Frenchman wanted.

Then Frenchman took the piece of paper and the pencil and drew picture of mushroom. A waiter looked at a picture and left room at once.

Five minutes later he returned with an umbrella.


Fill in the articles where necessary:


… guide was once showing … group of rich … American tourists some places of interest in … little Italian town. After a while the guide could not think of anything that might be of interest to … Americans who wanted to see and hear something unusual.

«Tell us something very interesting, something unusual about … weather or … climate of this place,» said … American lady to … guide.

«What can I tell her about our climate?» thought … guide. Then he had … idea.

«Well,» said he, «there is one unusual thing about our climate. One can easily notice that … wind here always blows from … West.»

«Really?» said … lady who seemed to be interested in this fact. But suddenly she said: «You must be wrong. Look! … wind is blow-ing from … East now!»

«Is that so?» said … guide. «Well, then it must be … West wind coming back.»


Fill in the articles where necessary:


… tourist who had come to … sea-side town decided to go and bathe in … sea. But before getting into … water he asked his guide: «Are you sure there are no … alligators here?» «Oh, no,» replied … guide. «There are no alligators here.» … tourist was no longer afraid. He jumped into … water and swam about for some time. Then he returned to … shore and asked … guide again: «What makes you sure there aren’t any … al-ligators?» « … alligators are too clever,» answered … guide. «They never appear here because they are afraid of … sharks.»


Fill in the gaps with the articles where necessary:


… Professor Forgetmuch was travelling by … train. When … conductor came up to take his ticket, he could not find it. So, … conductor passed on, saying he would return. … professor contin-ued looking for his … ticket until … conductor returned, but could not find it.

«That will be all right, sir, said … conductor, just pay … money, and never mind … ticket.»

«That isn’t … trouble, my good man,» replied … professor, «but I must have that ticket to know where I am going.»


Put the articles from the box where necessary:

—, the, —, —, —, —, —, a, the, a, —, the, —, the, —, the, a, —, —, the, the, —, a, the, —, a, the, —, the, —, —, —, —, —, the, —, the, —, an, —

(1) … Sir Walter Raleigh was (2) … English traveller who lived in (3) … England in (4) … days of (5) … Queen Elizabeth. He sailed across (6) … seas to (7) … America in search of new lands. He brought to (8) … England two very important plants: (9) … tobacco plant and (10) … potato.

When he was in (11) … America, he learned to smoke from (12) … Indians.

When he was back in (13) … England, he sat one day in his room by (14) … fire smoking (15) … pipe. His old servant, who knew nothing about (16) … tobacco or smoking, suddenly came into (17) … room and saw (18) … smoke coming out of his master’s mouth. He was frightened; he thought (19) … Sir Raleigh was on (20) … fire. He rushed out of (21) … room, got some water and threw it all over his master before (22) … Sir Walter could explain that he simply smoked.

(23) … Sir Raleigh brought (24) … potato to his country because he wanted … people to learn how to grow (25) … potatoes. He said: «When (26) … harvest was poor, there was no bread and we were all hungry., You were never hungry if you grew (27) … potatoes.» But (28) … people did not like (29) … potatoes. Nobody wanted to eat them because nobody knew how to cook them.

After many years (30) … Frenchman found (31) … best way of growing and cooking (32) … potato. (33) … People began to eat (34) … potatoes and found them good. Since that time more and more (35) … potatoes were grown and eaten in (36) … Europe. (37) … potatoes became one of (38) … most important and useful (39) … vegetables.


Translate the following sentences into English:

1. Я торік відвідав Третяковську галерею.

2. Мед завжди солодкий.

3. Кажуть, погода може впливати на настрій людини.

4. На столі лежить книжка.

5. Він став багатий, як Монте Крісто.

6. Вона тепер не та Оля, яку я знав десять років тому.

7. Більшість студентів пішла додому.

8. Вона купила дюжину яєць.

9. Місяць з’явився на небі.

10 У зоопарку вони побачили лева та страуса (ostrich).

11. Це той будинок, що ми купили торік.

12. Кажуть, любов сліпа.

13. Ми плануємо зупинитись у Браунів.

14. Вони закінчили школу минулого року.

15. Вона любить зупинятись у готелі «Савой».

16. Бразилія виробляє найкращу каву.

17. Індійський океан омиває Африку та Австралію.

18. Вона була єдиною людиною, до кого я міг звернутися з проханням.

19. Ти граєш на скрипці? Ні, я граю на піаніно.

20. Протока Ла Манш знаходиться між Англією та Францією.


Choose the correct answer:

1. It was … warm and early spring this year.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

2. That was … most interesting novel I have ever read.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

3. They are at … lunch now. Don’t bother them.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

4. Jane went to Canada in … winter of 1945.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

5. Do you know … Spanish language?

a) a; b) an; c) the.

6. His father always reads … ‘Times’ on Sundays.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

7. She was … first to enter this room.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

8. You must visit … Zoo Museum in Kyiv.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

9. … British Prime Minister lives in Downing Street.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

10. … first month of the year is January.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

11. Jolly is a student at … Oxford University.

a) a; b) an; c) —;

12. What … wonderful place was it! We enjoyed it very much.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

13. Look at him! He is quite … child.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

14. … Lake Superior is very beautiful.

a) a; b) — ; c) the.

15. … Nile is the biggest river in the world.

a) a; b) an; c) the.




Fill in the articles where necessary:

1 He’ll come in … minute. Just wait … little.

2. To my mind this dog is … stupid animal.

3. She bought … dress yesterday. It looks nice.

4. In the summer camps children usually have four meals … day.

5. My sister is … pilot and she always flies to Panama herself.

6. There is … sofa in the corner of the living room.

7. Nancy is such … bright girl.

8. What … good idea! Let’s talk it over.

9. She knows Spanish, German and Italian … little.

10. He bought … dozen eggs yesterday.


Fill in the space with the necessary articles:

1. Give me … book which is on the table.

2. It was … most difficult task I have ever done.

3. When it happened he was … first to come.

4. Look! This is … girl I told you about.

5. … Earth moves round … Sun.

6. Will you come in … evening and we shall discuss this problem?

7. … disabled usually need … help of … society.

8. I knew all … Jacksons very well as I grew up with their chil-dren.

9. He lives in Australia and subscribes to … ‘News from Ukraine’.

10. … Chinese are industrious hardworking people.


Choose the correct answert:

1. She was … tall young girl with some freckles on her nose.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

2. They had been living in … USA for ten years before the war started.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

3. He is such … clever boy! He can speak ten foreign languages.

a) a; b); c) the.

4. John’s parents brought him to Canada in … winter of 1965.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

5. There was … thousand books in this private collection.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

6. … dinner we had last week was really delicious.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

7. I have … aunt and two unсles and love them dearly.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

8. … dog is … very intelligent animal.

a) a, a; b) an, an; c) the, the.

9. Travelling last summer I met a friend who lived in … Netherlands.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

10. Her brother was … doctor and had his own clinic.

a) a; b) an; c) the.


Fill in the gaps with the necessary articles:

1. … gold is, perhaps the most highly valued metal (a, an, the, –).

2. … flowers I brought you yesterday hadn’t wilted yet (a, an, the, –,).

3. When I came in he was reading … ‘Guardian’ (a, an, the, –).

4. When did you have … dinner (a, an, the, –)?

5. What is … English for ‘кішка’ (a, an, the, –)?

6. It was … warm autumn evening and everybody looked at the sunset (a, an, the, –).

7. Have you ever stayed at … Balmorial Hotels (a, an, the, –)?

8. She is singing her part in … second act (a, an, the, –).

9. According to the recipe she needed … dozen eggs for this cake (a, an, the, –).

10. She was … only person I could trust (a, an, the, –).


Fill in the gaps with the necessary articles:

1. … iron ore is used to make steel.

2. He lives in … Italy in … small village in the mountains.

3. I don’t like … coffee, I prefer … tea.

4. Juliet plays … guitar quite well.

5. In summer we went to … Carpathian Mountains to spend our holidays.

6. He likes to start working early in … morning.

7. … last winter she went to New Zealand.

8. Lanny is a student of … Cambridge University.

9. They went to … Niagara Falls on holidays.

10. When Dmitry returned home he found … new Russia.


Choose the correct answer:

1. We always spend our holidays on … Mediterranean Sea.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

2. … Svitiaz is one of the most beautiful lakes in Ukraine.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

3. When we were in … Magellan Strait the ship started to burn.

a) a; b); c) the.

4. She is reading … Agatha Criestie now.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

5. We started our journey on … warm summer day.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

6. They carried out their research work in … Sahara.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

7. What … awkward situation! I’ve left the book at home.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

8. They were the members of … National Liberal Club.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

9. In our bank we always subscribe to … ‘Financial Times’.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

10. When she arrived there she felt like … Alice in Wonderland.

a) a; b) an; c) the.


Fill in the necessary articles:

1. They had … very substantial dinner.

2. When are we to meet for … lunch?

3. After … light breakfast we felt rather hungry.

4. He likes to cook and often cooks … dinner himself.

5. Was … breakfast ready when you came?

6. … last summer he spent in … mountains.

7. It was … last leaf falling down.

8. What is … highest mountain in the world?

9. … picture I bought at this exhibition is in the drawing room.

10. Everybody knows that … Moon goes round … Sun.


Choose the correct answer.

1. Our best resorts are located in … Crimea.

a) a; b) an; c) th.

2. … United States of America is one of the richest countries in the world.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

3. She is not … Helen I knew twenty years ago.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

4. … Argentina is rich in silver and iron ore.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

5. Is he … Barton who lived opposite our house?

a) a; b) an; c) the.

6. Have ever been to … Ruhr? No, never.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

7. We were in … Indian Ocean when the storm started.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

8. … Amazon is one of the biggest rivers in the world.

a) a; b) an; c) e.

9. They bought a bungalow on the bank of … Ontario.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

10. Latvia is washed by … Baltic Sea.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

11.The research centre was in … Rocky Mountains.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

12. … Sahara is one of the largest deserts in the world.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

13. Have you seen … Niagara Falls? Yes, a few times.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

14. He was invited to work in … Coliseum Theatre.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

15. We lived in … Ambassador Hotel. Last summer.

a) a; b) an; c) the.


Fill in the blanks with the definite or indefinite articles from the box where necessary:

a, the, the, the, the, the, an, a, — , the, a, the, the, the, the, the, the, — , a, — , the, the, —, —, the, the, a

I knew (1) … man who had travelled very much in his life. He had visited many countries in (2) … East and in (3) … West. He loved … children and often told them (4) … interesting stories. I remember some of (5) … stories which he told me. One of them was about (6) … adventure he had in (7) … London. He was (8) … young man at that time and was interested in (9) … history of architecture. One day he visited one of (10) … towers of (11) … Houses of (12) … Parlia-ment. He came out on to (13) … balcony of (14) … tower and began to look at (15) … ornaments on (16) … walls Then he climbed up on (17) … roof. Suddenly (18) … man came running to him and seized him by (19) … arm. He began shouting something in (20) … English, but my friend knew only (21) … few words of English and did not understand him. (22). .. Englishman called (23) … policeman. (24) … fact was that he thought that (25) … Russian tourist wanted to kill himself by jumping from (26) … top of (27) … tower. Later, when everything became clear, they laughed (28) … lot over it.

TASK 10.

Translate the following sentences into English:

1. Чи любите ви читати «Гардіан» по суботах?

2. Титанік увійшов у історію людства як найбільша її трагедія.

3. Минулої зими ми жили в «Континенталі», коли були в Лондоні.

4. Ми вже дивилися цей фільм в «Одеоні» на цьому тижні.

5. Алла Пугачова давала концерт у Карнегі Холл.

6. Я знаю, що найкраще зібрання портретів — у галереї Тейта.

7. Британський музей має найкращу колекцію манускриптів.

8. Його запросили читати лекції у Гарвардському університеті.

9. Вони хочуть поїхати на Бермудські острови.

10. Джейн вирішила провести канікули в Альпах.

11. Його послали до школи у п’ятирічному віці.

12. Який чудовий день сьогодні! Давай підемо купатись.

13. Я граю на скрипці з дитинства.

14. Він завжди рано лягає спати.

15. Ми обговоримо це після вечері.

16. Вона захворіла на грип минулої неділі.

17. У нього кашель і болить горло.

18. Була рання весна, і цвіли кульбаби (dandelions).

19. Я побачу її завтра вранці.

20. Стіл було накрито білою скатертиною.




Put the article where necessary:

1. We promised that we should return in … hour or so.

2. This cat is … very clever animal.

3. They bought … house yesterday. It looks wonderful.

4. I usually have three meals … day.

5. His brother is … doctor and he works in Africa.

6. There is … stool opposite the stove.

7. Tom is … very handsome fellow.

8. What … clever thought! You are always so smart.

9. Do you speak Spanish fluently? No, … little.

10. He bought … roses for her.


Fill in the space with the necessary articles:

1. Give … peach which is opposite you. Here you are.

2. He is one of … best chess players in our city.

3. … Venus is very far from … Earth.

4. Who is … boy standing near the door?

5. She is always … first to do all the tests.

6. They will come in … afternoon and we shall solve all the prob-lems.

7. … dumb always have their own interpreters.

8. I hope we shall stay at … Blackwells in August.

9. Daddy always reads ‘ … Financial Times’ at weekends.

10. … Japanese have ancient traditions which are very interesting.


Choose the correct answer:

1. He was … very hardworking fellow and you could always rely on him.

a) the; b) an; c) a.

2. They left for … Netherlands after the war in Georgia.

a) an; b) a; c) the.

3. July’s parents went to Barbados in … spring of 1936.

a) the; b) a; c) an.

4. … dinner we had yesterday was really wonderful.

a) an; b) the; c) a.

5. She emigrated to … USA just before the war.

a) the; b) an; c) a.

6. Mother always uses … dozen eggs for this cake.

a) an; b) the; c) a.

7. … dolphin is … very intelligent animal.

a) an , the; b) a, the; c) the, a.

8. Ted has … sister and three brothers.

a) an; b) a; c) the.

9. My sister is … pilot of … very famous actor.

a) the; b) an; c) a.

10. Jolly is such … smart girl!

a) a; b) an; c) the.

11. Daddy always reads ‘ … Times’ on weekends.

a) the; b) a; c) an.


Fill in the gaps with the necessary articles:

1. … silver is mined in Argentina in large quantities (a, an, the, —).

2. … house we sold last year was more expensive (a, an, the, —).

3. My brother always buys ‘ … Kyiv Post’ on Fridays (a, an, the, —).

4. When did you have … lunch (a, an, the, —)?

5. What is … Spanish for ‘яблуко’ (a, an, the, —)?

6. It was … early spring and everything was in blossom (a, an, the, —).

7. Pavarotti is singing his part in … first act (a, an, the, —).

8. Why did you stay at ‘… Savoy’? Is it really so nice (a, an, the, —)?

9. George has won … million on his lottery (a, an, the, —).

10. He was … person who never told lies (a, an, the, —).


Fill in the gaps with the necessary articles:

1. … sand is used to make glass.

2. She lives in … Switzerland in … small town near the mountains.

3. John doesn’t like … tea, he prefers … coffee.

4. In winter I always go to … Crimean Mountains to ski there.

5. My son plays … piano rather well.

6. He finished his work late in … evening.

7. … last summer we travelled to Canada.

8. Her brother entered … Oxford University this year.

9. Bob visited Canada and saw … Niagara Falls.

10. Coming home we saw … new Ukraine.


Choose the correct answer:

1. They spent their holidays on … Black Sea in Yalta.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

2. Crossing … English Channel we saw a lot of sea — gulls.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

3. … Dnieper is one of the biggest rivers in Europe.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

4. I am reading … Sidney Sheldon now.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

5. It was … cold winter day when we started for Canada.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

6. We carried out our research work in … Gobi.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

7. He is such … clever boy! He knows all the answers.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

8. Tony is a member of … Rotary Club.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

9. Ann is fond of … German language.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

10. Have you read that article about ‘… Titanic’?

a) a; b) an; c) the.


Fill in the necessary articles:

1. We had … wonderful lunch yesterday.

2. When are they to meet for … dinner?

3. Everybody knows that … Earth goes round … sun.

4. … flowers I have planted this spring began to bloom.

5. Which is … longest river on the planet?

6. It was … last dream of her father.

7. Was … dinner ready when you came?

8. After … breakfast he went to the club for a game of golf.

9. Does she like to cook … dinner herself?

10. … last winter we spent in … mountains.


Choose the correct answer:

1. Our best mineral waters are located in … Carpathian Moun-tains.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

2. … Argentine has large deposits of silver and a lot of silver mines.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

3. He is not … Teddy I knew thirty years ago.

a) a; b)an; c) the.

4. … Canada borders on … USA in the south and in the north.

a) —, a; b) —, the; c) an, —.

5. Is she … Smith who studied with you in the same class?

a) a; b) an; c) the.

6. Have you ever been to … Tyrol? Yes, twice.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

7. They sailed across … Atlantic Ocean when we met that ship.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

8. … Nile is one of the longest rivers in the world.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

9. My dream was to see … Baikal and … Siberia.

a) the, the; b) an, an; c) a,a.

10. This island is washed by … North Sea.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

11. They stayed in … Ritz last summer and really enjoyed it.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

12. We spent last summer on … Philippines.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

13. Tammy went to … Alps last spring with her parents.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

14. We saw this opera in … Royal Opera House.

a) a; b) an; c) the.

15. He found this spider in … Kara Kum and described it in his book.

a) a; b) an; c) the.


Fill in the gaps with the articles from the box, where necessary:

the, the, the, the, the, the, the, the, the, a, a, a, the, enough, the, they, —, —, the, —, the, the, a, —, a, a

(1) … CAT AND (2) … MICE

Once upon (3) … time there lived (4) … number of (5) … mice in (6) … house. Unfortunately (7) … cat also lived in (8) … same house. So (9) … mice were not happy. They never felt safe because (10) … cat was always hunting them. You know that (11) … cats do not like (12) … mice. (13) … decided to do something about it. They gathered together to discuss (14) … best way of getting rid of (15) … cat. They had (16) … lot of plans but none of these plans was good.

At last (17) … young mouse said ‘I’ll tell you what we must do. We must hang (18) … bell round (19) … cat’s neck. If the cat comes we run away because we shall hear (20) … bell ring.’

All (21) … mice agreed that (22) … plan was excellent.

Then (23) … old mouse rose and said ‘ (24) … point is which of us will tie (25) … bell to (26) … cat’s neck?’ Silence was (27) … only answer to her words. No mouse was brave (28) … to do that.

TASK 10.

Translate the following sentences into English:

1. Його батько завжди читає «Таймс» щонеділі.

2. «Адмірал Нахімов» був одним з найкращих кораблів.

3. Я завжди зупиняюсь в «Амбасадорі», коли приїжджаю до Лондона.

4. Ми бачили цей фільм у кінотеатрі «Київ» минулого тижня.

5. Паваротті співав у Метрополітен Опера разом з Плачідо Домінго.

6. Найбільше картин Шишкіна зібрано в Музеї російського мистецтва.

7. Ми були в Ермітажі чотири рази, але хочемо відвідати його ще раз.

8. Вона читає лекції в Оксфордському університеті протягом чотирьох років.

9. Його батьки завжди йдуть на Канари на відпочинок.

10. Її брат живе в горах Тибету.

11. Діти в Україні йдуть до школи у семирічному віці.

12. Яка гарна погода! Ходімо погуляємо.

13. Він чудово грає на гітарі, і я люблю його слухати.

14. Вони встали рано-вранці і зібрали речі.

15. У неї грип і болить горло.

16. Весною в Києві завжди цвітуть каштани.

17. У нього вчора вдень був серцевий напад.

18. Діти пішли на прогулянку після обіду.

19. Його батьки виїхали в Америку весною 1939 року.

20. Як буде японською «кішка»?